Designing of Scale to Measure the Attitude of ARS Trainees towards FOCARS Programme of NAARM


  • P. Prashanth PJTSAU, Hyderabad
  • P. Vijender Reddy National Academy of, Agricultural Research Management, Hyderabad
  • V. Sudharani ANGRAU, Hyderabad


The psychological object for the present study has been conceptualized as different components of a training programme. The attitude of the respondents towards FOCARS(Foundation Course for Agricultural Research Services). The FOCARS is designed for the newly recruited entry level scientists to the Agricultural Research Service of the ICAR.The extent of effectivenesss of the programme is depends on the attitude change of the trainees. To measure the attitude of the trainees a standardised scale was essential. Hence, it was felt necessary to construct a comprehensive, valid and reliable scale for studying the attitude of trainees towards FOCARS programme. Method of equal appearing intervals developed by Thurstone and Chave (1929) was used. Finally sixty statements were selected after the editing based on Edwards criteria. The statements were then subjected for judging to 40 experts. Each subject was asked to judge the degree of more favorableness or more unfavorableness of feeling expressed by each statement in terms of the 11 intervals. Finally, 26 statements were selected from statements for which scale (S) and Q values were worked out. The scale values of the statements on the psychological continuum were relatively equally spaced.

Author Biographies

P. Prashanth, PJTSAU, Hyderabad

Assistant Professor, Agricultural College, Jagtial , PJTSAU

P. Vijender Reddy, National Academy of, Agricultural Research Management, Hyderabad

Technical Officer, National Academy of, AgriculturalResearch Management, Hyderabad

V. Sudharani, ANGRAU, Hyderabad

Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension, College of Agriculture, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad


Edwards, A. L. 1969. Techniques of attitude scale

construction. Vakils, Feffer and Simons private

ltd. Bombay.

Thurstone, L.L and Chave, E.J. 1929. The

measurement of attitude. Chicago University

Press, USA. 39-40.




How to Cite

Prashanth, P., Vijender Reddy, P., & Sudharani, V. (2016). Designing of Scale to Measure the Attitude of ARS Trainees towards FOCARS Programme of NAARM. Journal of Extension Education, 27(2). Retrieved from