An Economic Appraisal of Composite Carp Culture in West Bengal


  • Himansu Kumar De ICAR-Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture Bhubaneswar Odisha
  • Simantini Shasani ICAR-CIFA
  • Manoj Kumar Das ICAR-CIFA
  • Gour Sundar Saha ICAR-CIFA



Aquaculture sector is gaining momentum through its contribution towards Indian as well asworld economy in terms of nutritional and livelihood security. Carp farming is one of the most widely adopted technologies in aquaculture sector. The study was carried out in randomly selected South 24 Parganas district of West Bengal. The study aims at assessing economic viability of composite carp culture through analyzing the cost and returns of the technology. Data were collected from 142 fish farmers through personal interview. The average pond area of the farmers was found to be 1.9 acre and mean fish yield was 3.6 t/ha/yr. Rate of return on total investment (ROI) and Benefit-Cost ratio (B: C ratio) for adopters and non-adopters were worked out as 85.84%; 1.86 and 63.03%; 1.63 respectively. Supplementary feed constituted the maximum share in cost of production of fish followed by lease value of pond and pond preparation cost. The study implies composite carp culture technology as economically feasible with impressive benefit-cost ratio.

Author Biographies

Himansu Kumar De, ICAR-Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture Bhubaneswar Odisha

Principal Scientist

Simantini Shasani, ICAR-CIFA

Senior Research Fellow

Manoj Kumar Das, ICAR-CIFA

Senior Research Fellow

Gour Sundar Saha, ICAR-CIFA

Principal Scientist


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How to Cite

De, H. K., Shasani, S., Das, M. K., & Saha, G. S. (2021). An Economic Appraisal of Composite Carp Culture in West Bengal. Journal of Extension Education, 32(2), 6492–6499.

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